June 3, 2016
from Business Mirror
The Energy Regulatory Commission (ERC) on Friday said the Manila Electric Co. (Meralco) should support reforms in the power sector.
The regulator was reacting to Meralco’s petition for declaration relief filed before the Regional Trial Court (RTC) in Pasig City Branch 157 last week.
Meralco is asking the court to issue a temporary restraining order (TRO), and subsequently a writ of preliminary injunction (WPI), enjoining the Department of Energy (DOE) from enforcing a circular, and enjoining the implementation of ERC resolutions.
The circular and resolutions on the implementation of the Retail Competition and Open Access (RCOA) basically prohibit distribution utilities (DUs) like Meralco from participating in the competitive retail-electricity market as a supplier.
ERC Chairman Jose Vicente Salazar said he finds no strong reason “for Meralco to block a mechanism that would be good for the retail customer base in its present service area.”
RCOA marks a major milestone in the country’s bid to make electricity rates more affordable to end-users, he added.
“RCOA is designed to change the current situation, where customers do not have the choice as to who will supply their power requirements and are dependent on utilities designated purely on the basis of geographical territory,” Salazar stressed. “This is why they are technically termed ‘captive customers.’”
Under RCOA, customers with monthly average peak demand of at least 1 megawatt (MW), dubbed as contestable customer (CC) by the ERC, are now able to choose the supplier of their choice for their energy requirement. These suppliers, or retail electricity supplier (RES), will directly negotiate and contract on a wholesale level with power-generation companies so they can sell electricity to contestable customers at competitive rates. These rates will be reflected in the generation-charge portion of the bill, which typically comprises at least 50 percent of the monthly electricity bill.
MPower, Meralco’s local RES, accounts for about 50 percent of the market share of the contestable market within its franchise, or 18 percent of the national total.
Salazar said RCOA is a big step toward “putting the power of choice of electricity supplier in the hands of the customers.”
“Through RCOA, more ‘captive customers’ will be able to graduate into the so-called contestable market, where all retail-electricity suppliers compete,” Salazar added.
“I am confident that Meralco will see that RCOA is good both for its customers and its business,” he added.
Salazar pointed out that the direction of the power sector is to spur competition to bring down the power rates.
“The power sector has already taken big steps in this direction, particularly with the implementation of the Competitive Selection Process [CSP],” he said.
The CSP requires all distribution utilities to conduct an open and competitive process in selecting the power-generating company from whom they are to purchase their supply for the captive markets.
Salazar expressed hope that “Meralco will rethink its current position against RCOA.”
“We can no longer set back gains of the power sector—it can only move forward and the direction is clearly that of competition,” he said.